As evolutionary theory continues to fall apart, the most stubborn questions refuse to go away. How can duplication equipment so liable to error that it mutates wildly into every imaginable (perfected) lifeform, also remain constant for tens, or even hundreds, of millions of years?
100 million years:
For a lifeform to remain constant for that period of time, with the individual lifespan of its members measured in a handful of years, the duplication machinery must accurately maintain itself for tens of millions of vertical copies, amidst hugely varying environments stretching over the history of a planet.
This points to something very robust behind the mechanisms itself: a rule of nature so consistent that the the mechanical assemblies are obliged to follow its patterns, whether consistent or otherwise. The biological principles have not changed over millions of years only because something behind them has remained constant.
140 million years:
150 million years:
160 million years:
170 million years:
200 million years:
The same principles must apply to life. Common sense dictates that if you set a copying mechanism in action, there are bound to be changes from time to time, but the DNA systems have four separate layers of defences to detect and correct these mistakes to a very high degree.
The amino acid – codon relationships are so concentric that if mistakes do sometimes get through, the damage is negligible because only codons similar in nature to those they inadvertently replace can escape detection as errors, and they code for amino acids with very similar properties.
Within any species there will necessarily be a huge number of different duplication processes going on constantly, so that a single mutation in one member is completely negligible in the context of the hundreds of thousands of others taking place at the same time.
300 million years:
400 million years:
As I have shown, the increase in speed over the last 114 years in the Olympics is a consistent rate to which the human race generally complies. Where it does not, successive years’ performances are as if the failing years never happened. The same strange behaviour is observed in shicldren whose growth is artificially held back for some years: after the blockage is removed, the child’s growth accelerates to match as far as possible the targets missed up until that point. It is not a static process – which could never exist in any randomly mutating mechanical device – but an overall movement in some superior epi-biological plane to which the organism attempts to comply, regardless of circumstance.
450 million years:
The evolution of insects dates back to the Devonian period, with the oldest definitive insect fossil being the Rhyniognatha hirsti, estimated at 407 to 396 million years ago. Global climate conditions changed several times during the history of the earth, along with it the diversity of insects. The Pterygotes underwent a major radiation in the Carboniferous while the Endopterygota species underwent another major radiation in the Permian.
Survivors of the mass extinction at the PT boundary evolved in the Triassic to what are essentially the modern Insecta Orders that persist to modern times. Most modern insect families appeared in the Jurassic, and further diversity probably in genera occurred in the Cretaceous. It is believed that by the Tertiary, there existed many of what are still modern genera; hence, most insects in amber are, indeed, members of extant genera. What seems most fascinating is that insects diversified in a relatively brief 100 million years (give or take) into the modern forms that exist with minor change in modern times.
In the case of Olympic speeds, what is even more curious is that no vertical inheritance has taken place at all from the fastest runners. Their children did not excel them, and most did not even enter athletics. Many were childless. The consistent 4-year increase must be a product of a regular increase completely apart from the genetic inheritance model. The correlation between the fittest and greater numbers of children does not exist: it is simply not there.